The use of chemical inputs in agriculture has become essential to ensure good protection and better crop production. These products are used on the one hand to control crop pests and on the other to ensure the supply of nutrients necessary for the development and growth of plants. In the framework of the missions of the National Food Safety Office, the activities related to the registration of chemical inputs concern the following products:
The use of agricultural pesticides includes: – To protect plants from or prevent harmful organisms; – Act on the vital processes of plants (as long as they are not nutrients); – Ensure the conservation of plant products; – Destroy unwanted plants; – Destroy plant parts, inhibit or prevent unwanted plant growth. The use of fertilizers and crop media shall in particular: – Provide nutrients to plants; – Correct micronutrient deficiencies in crops; – Maintain or replenish soil organic matter stocks; – Serve as a plant culture medium. However, the use of chemical inputs can pose direct and indirect risks to humans, animals and the environment. These risks are inherent in the chemical nature of its products which are toxic to living beings and can have a negative impact on the environment. As a result, their placing on the market is subject to the regulations in force and to the approval procedures which aim, on the one hand, to assess the risks related to the productThe aim is to ensure the effectiveness of the product for the intended use. The purpose of registration is to authorize only products with low safety and performance under specific conditions of use, Fixed after the evaluation of the technical and scientific studies concerning the product and possibly the results of the experiments conducted in the open field and/or laboratory.