INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS – INFECTIOUS PUSTULAR VAGINITIS (IBR/IPV)
In Morocco, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis – infectious pustular vulvo-vaginitis (IBR/IPV) is a disease deemed legally contagious under the Dahir law no. 1-75-292 of 19 September 1977. This disease can have significant economic repercussions for infected farms, notably through the decline in zootechnical performance.
In view of the importance of this disease and in order to reduce the resulting losses, a code of procedure for the control of this disease has been drawn up. This code gives farmers the possibility to voluntarily join the vaccination program to fight against IBR/IPV at the level of their farms and sets out the practical modalities of its implementation.
The main objective of this vaccination program, based on a proactive approach, is to control the IBR/IPV in member breeders in order to minimize related losses through:
- Prevention against the onset of clinical disease;
- Decrease in duration and intensity of viral excretion.
IBR/IPV vaccination is envisaged in cases where farms are at high risk of infection and where it is difficult to control the disease on the basis of health measures alone because of the consequent economic losses that such measures can engender.
However, vaccination does not prevent infection and latent carriage and must be supplemented by structural measures (hygienic and sanitary upgrading of farms) and measures to control risk factors.